How To Install Docker On Linux

Get Docker for Red Hat Enterprise Linux

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DOCKER ON RHELTo get started with Docker on Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL), make sure you meet the prerequisites, then install Docker.

Prerequisites

Docker EE repository URL

To install Docker Enterprise Edition (Docker EE), you need to know the Docker EE repository URL associated with your trial or subscription. To get this information:

  • Go to https://store.docker.com/?overlay=subscriptions.
  • Choose Get Details / Setup Instructions within the Docker Enterprise Edition for Red Hat Enterprise Linux section.
  • Copy the URL from the field labeled Copy and paste this URL to download your Edition.

Use this URL when you see the placeholder text <DOCKER-EE-URL>.

To learn more about Docker EE, see Docker Enterprise Edition.

Docker Community Edition (Docker CE) is not supported on Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

OS requirements

To install Docker, you need the 64-bit version of RHEL 7, running on an x86 hardware platform.

In addition, you must use the devicemapper storage driver. On production systems, you must use direct-lvm mode, which requires one or more dedicated block devices. Fast storage such as solid-state media (SSD) is recommended.

Uninstall old versions

Older versions of Docker were called docker or docker-engine. If these are installed, uninstall them, along with associated dependencies.

$ sudo yum remove docker \
                  docker-common \
                  container-selinux \
                  docker-selinux \
                  docker-engine

It’s OK if yum reports that none of these packages are installed.

The contents of /var/lib/docker/, including images, containers, volumes, and networks, are preserved. The Docker EE package is now called docker-ee.

Install Docker EE

You can install Docker in different ways, depending on your needs:

  • Most users set up Docker’s repositories and install from them, for ease of installation and upgrade tasks. This is the recommended approach.
  • Some users download the RPM package and install it manually and manage upgrades completely manually. This is useful in situations such as installing Docker on air-gapped systems with no access to the internet.

Install using the repository

Before you install Docker for the first time on a new host machine, you need to set up the Docker repository. Afterward, you can install and update Docker from the repository.

Set up the repository

  1. Remove any existing Docker repositories from /etc/yum.repos.d/.
  2. Store two yum variables in /etc/yum/vars/.
    • Store your EE repository URL in /etc/yum/vars/dockerurl. Replace <DOCKER-EE-URL> with the URL you noted down in the prerequisites.
      $ sudo sh -c 'echo "<DOCKER-EE-URL>" > /etc/yum/vars/dockerurl'
      
    • Store your RHEL version string in /etc/yum/vars/dockerosversion. Use the appropriate value from the following table. Most users should use 7.
      Version string Description
      7 Unless you have specific requirements, you should use this version. Dependencies are not locked to specific versions but use the latest available version.
      7.3 Dependencies are locked to specific packages for RHEL 7.3.
      7.2 Dependencies are locked to specific packages for RHEL 7.2.
      $ sudo sh -c 'echo "<VERSION-STRING>" > /etc/yum/vars/dockerosversion'
      
  3. Install required packages. yum-utils provides the yum-config-manager utility, and device-mapper-persistent-data and lvm2 are required by the devicemapper storage driver.
    $ sudo yum install -y yum-utils device-mapper-persistent-data lvm2
    
  4. Use the following command to add the stable repository:
    $ sudo yum-config-manager \
        --add-repo \
        <DOCKER-EE-URL>/docker-ee.repo
    

Install Docker

  1. Update the yum package index.
    $ sudo yum makecache fast
    

    If this is the first time you have refreshed the package index since adding the Docker repositories, you will be prompted to accept the GPG key, and the key’s fingerprint will be shown. Verify that the fingerprint matches DD91 1E99 5A64 A202 E859 07D6 BC14 F10B 6D08 5F96 and if so, accept the key.

  2. Install the latest version of Docker EE, or go to the next step to install a specific version.
    $ sudo yum -y install docker-ee
    
  3. On production systems, you should install a specific version of Docker instead of always using the latest. List the available versions. This example uses the sort -r command to sort the results by version number, highest to lowest, and is truncated.

    Note: This yum list command only shows binary packages. To show source packages as well, omit the .x86_64 from the package name.

    $ yum list docker-ee.x86_64  --showduplicates |sort -r
    
    docker-ee.x86_64  17.03.0.el7                               docker-ee-stable   
    

    The contents of the list depend upon which repositories you have enabled, and will be specific to your version of RHEL (indicated by the .el7 suffix on the version, in this example). Choose a specific version to install. The second column is the version string. The third column is the repository name, which indicates which repository the package is from and by extension extension its stability level. To install a specific version, append the version string to the package name and separate them by a hyphen (-):

    $ sudo yum -y install docker-ee-<VERSION_STRING>
    
  4. Edit /etc/docker/daemon.json. If it does not yet exist, create it. Assuming that the file was empty, add the following contents.
    {
      "storage-driver": "devicemapper"
    }
    
  5. For production systems, you must use direct-lvm mode, which requires you to prepare the block devices. Follow the procedure in the devicemapper storage driver guidebefore starting Docker.
  6. Start Docker.
    $ sudo systemctl start docker
    
  7. Verify that Docker EE is installed correctly by running the hello-world image.
    $ sudo docker run hello-world
    

    This command downloads a test image and runs it in a container. When the container runs, it prints an informational message and exits.

Docker EE is installed and running. You need to use sudo to run Docker commands. Continue to Linux postinstall to allow non-privileged users to run Docker commands and for other optional configuration steps.

Upgrade Docker EE

To upgrade Docker EE, first run sudo yum makecache fast, then follow the installation instructions, choosing the new version you want to install.

Install from a package

If you cannot use the official Docker repository to install Docker, you can download the .rpm file for your release and install it manually. You will need to download a new file each time you want to upgrade Docker.

  1. Go to the Docker EE repository URL associated with your trial or subscription in your browser. Go to 7/x86_64/stable-17.03/Packages and download the .rpm file for the Docker version you want to install.

    Note: If you have trouble with selinux using the packages under the 7 directory, try choosing the version-specific directory instead, such as 7.3.

  2. Install Docker EE, changing the path below to the path where you downloaded the Docker package.
    $ sudo yum install /path/to/package.rpm
    
  3. Edit /etc/docker/daemon.json. If it does not yet exist, create it. Assuming that the file was empty, add the following contents.
    {
      "storage-driver": "devicemapper"
    }
    
  4. For production systems, you must use direct-lvm mode, which requires you to prepare the block devices. Follow the procedure in the devicemapper storage driver guidebefore starting Docker.
  5. Start Docker.
    $ sudo systemctl start docker
    
  6. Verify that docker is installed correctly by running the hello-world image.
    $ sudo docker run hello-world
    

    This command downloads a test image and runs it in a container. When the container runs, it prints an informational message and exits.

Docker EE is installed and running. You need to use sudo to run Docker commands. Continue to Post-installation steps for Linux to allow non-privileged users to run Docker commands and for other optional configuration steps.

Reference
Docker Docs
https://docs.docker.com/engine/installation/linux/rhel/#install-from-a-package

 Docker on RHEL
https://docs.docker.com/engine/installation/linux/rhel/

Docker on SUSE
https://docs.docker.com/engine/installation/linux/suse/

Docker on Ubuntu
https://docs.docker.com/engine/installation/linux/suse/

Docker Binaries Installation
https://docs.docker.com/engine/installation/binaries/#install-static-binaries

Docker on Azure
https://docs.docker.com/docker-for-azure/why/

Docker on Vmware
https://docs.docker.com/machine/drivers/vsphere/#options

Video Tutorial

What is Docker?

Install Docker on RHEL

Install Docker on Windows

Docker Beginner Tutorial – Install Docker on Linux -Step by Step


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